QUAD (Quantitative Reasoning Across the Disciplines)

School of General Studies





 Quantitative Reasoning Across the Disciplines (QUAD)

Quantitative and mathematical skills are important in virtually any career as well as in everyday life. While, many academic fields are becoming increasingly quantitative, students are entering universites underprepared in mathematics, and even students with strong mathematical training are often unable to apply their mathematical skills and understandings to other disciplines.

At Stockton University, the Quantitative-Reasoning-across-the-Disciplines (QUAD) program serves to encourage the infusion of quantitative reasoning throughout the curriculum and to assure that all students enhance their mathematical skills.


Goals of the QUAD Program include:

  • Increasing student awareness of and experience with the power of mathematical thinking and its applications in many fields of study.
  • Improving the teaching and learning of quantitative reasoning skills and concepts for all students.
  • Cultivation of numerate graduates who are ready to become capable members of the work force and informed citizens and consumers.

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Quantitative-Reasoning-Designated Courses

Stockton offers two types of quantitative-reasoning-designated courses: Quantitative-Reasoning-Intensive (Q1) and Quantitative-Reasoning-Across-The-Disciplines (Q2) courses. This designation indicates the role and function of quantitative reasoning in the course, not the degree of difficulty. Q-designated courses appear throughout the curriculum, in Program and General Studies courses. These courses are identified within the schedules of courses each term.

Q1 and Q2 courses emphasize mathematical problem solving with special attention given to the development of problem-solving approaches. In addition, these courses stress the importance of the communication of mathematical ideas in both written and oral forms.

Q1 - Quantitative-Reasoning-Intensive Courses: Mathematical thinking is the primary focus of study. Q1 courses emphasize the mathematical structures underlying various phenomena. Although focused on mathematical reasoning, Q1 courses provide ample opportunities for investigating diverse applications of the concepts discussed. These courses draw rich connections among different areas of mathematics.  In a Q1 course, the majority of class time is spent on mathematical concepts and procedures. Students work on mathematics during virtually every class session. The quality of their mathematical work is the major criterion for evaluating student performance in the course. Examples of Q1 courses are MATH 2215 Calculus I; FRST 2310 Algebraic Problem Solving; and CSIS 1206 Statistics.

Q2 - Quantitative-Reasoning-Across-the-Disciplines: In a Q2 course, the focus is on disciplinary or interdisciplinary content outside of mathematics. Quantitative reasoning is used as a tool for understanding this content. Q2 courses feature applications that use real-world data and situations; applying a quantitative perspective to the concepts in the course results in a fuller understanding of both the disciplinary concepts and the mathematical concepts.  In a Q2 course, at least 20 percent of class time involves quantitative reasoning. Students are expected to demonstrate their ability to apply mathematical ideas to the course content. Both mastery of disciplinary content and quantitative proficiency are used to evaluate student performance. Examples of Q2 courses include ARTV 2121 Black and White Photography, PSYC 3242 Experimental Psychology, GNM 2182 Atom, Man, Universe; and CHEM 2110 Chemistry I General Principals. Unless a course is designated "intrinsic", each individual instructor has the option to apply for Q2 designation throughthe QUAD central task force.
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QUAD Graduation Requirements

Before graduating, all matriculated students must complete three quantitative-reasoning-designated courses, including at least one Q1 (quantitative-reasoning-intensive) course and at least one Q2 (quantitative-reasoning-across-the-disciplines) course. A Q1 course must be completed during the first year.

Transfer students are also subject to the quantitative reasoning requirement. Up to two transfer courses in mathematics and statistics may be credited as Q1 courses and counted toward the requirement. ALL Q2 COURSES MUST BE COMPLETED AT STOCKTON.

Q-designated courses that carry fewer than 4 credits or transfer courses that carry fewer than 3 credits do not count toward meeting the quantitative reasoning requirement.

This requirement specifies the minimum number of quantitative-reasoning-designated courses needed for graduation. To facilitate their quantitative development, students are encouraged to take as many of these courses as possible throughout their undergraduate curriculum.
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Mathematics Skills (Q1) Advising

Various degree programs require different kinds of mathematics and quantitative reasoning skills. Students in any major will enhance their education and widen their range of post-university possibilities by strengthening their skills in this area. The accompanying chart lists some of the Q1 courses that are specifically designed to prepare students for subsequent mathematics-based courses and majors.

Other introductory-level Q1 courses may be found in the General Studies Natural Sciences and Mathematics (GNM) curriculum. Students should note that mathematics courses are sequential based on increased complexity of the material covered. CREDIT WILL NOT BE GIVEN FOR A LOWER LEVEL COURSE ONCE A MORE ADVANCED COURSE HAS BEEN COMPLETED.

To print a copy of the Mathematic Skills (Q1) Advising courses, please click here.

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Math Skills (Q1) Advising Flowchart

To print a copy of the Mathematic Skills (Q1) Flowchart, please click here.

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List of Q1 Courses (not all are offered every semester)

To print a copy of the List of Q1 Courses, please click here.

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To print a copy of the List of Q2 Courses, please
click here.

To print the application for a Q1 or Q2 Course, please click here.

For current detailed course descriptions, go to the Online Catalog.

For more information about the QUAD requirement or placement, see the QUAD website or contact the QUAD coordinator, Betsy McShea, at betsy.mcshea@stockton.edu